1904 Albert Bruckner, for Horsman,
Babyland Rag Doll, 13" .
of New York City, manufactured cloth mask faced dolls from 1901-1930. He was by
trade a lithographer, while watching a friend work on a rag doll, he
conceived the idea of embossing the features on with a mask. He
patented the idea in 1901 and established a full line of rag dolls
using this method.
Some of Bruckner's dolls were sold as
part of Horsman's Babyland Rag Doll
series. They made both white
and black rag dolls and also topsy-turvy dolls, which when turned
upside down, an entirely different doll is displayed and the clothing or
skirt would cover the torso and head of the other doll.
By at least 1925 Albert Bruckner's sons succeeded him, who then introduced Mama dolls,
as well as the cloth rag dolls.