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Cloth Dolls, Doll Makers, Identifying Cloth Doll Marks 1860+

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The history of cloth fabric dolls goes back as far as mankind has been making textiles and extends to the present day. The earliest existing cloth dolls were found preserved in wealthy patrons of ancient Egyptian tombs. 


During the 1880s painted faces or printed lithographed fabric Rag dolls, Folk Art primitive dolls were popular in the New England states of the US.  Cloth dolls with printed photographic faces first appeared in 1906.  Cloth dolls remain collectable and are still made by doll makers and artists today.


Cloth Doll Makers

Advertising Alexander Amberg Averill

Babyland Rag

Bing Borgfeldt Boudoir


Knickerbocker Mattel Mollyes


Additional Antique to Vintage Cloth dolls and Doll Company Information


APW Paper Company dolls 1924 Albany, NY  USA, made 12" black rag dolls on printed cloth, that was cut out, sewn and stuffed.  It is unknown if the cloth was imprinted with the maker.


Stella Adler, Adler Favor & Novelty Company dolls 1919-1930 USA, boudoir type dolls with long limbs, floppy cloth character dolls; Boo doll, Sal doll and Rube doll all with voice boxes, mask face dolls; Doodle Dear doll and an infant doll, Baby Love doll.

Alkid Doll Company 1919-1921 USA, made all kid leather dolls, socket head with a shoulder plate dolly face, with glass eyes, closed mouth, mohair wig.  Doll mark symbol a standing mountain goat, with ALKID DOLL TRADEMARK Pat'd applied for ----------------->

Alliance Toy Company 1917-1920 ENG, made all cloth character dolls, Golliwogg dolls.

B. Altman & Co dolls 1920s-1930s USA, New York city department store sold cloth dolls labeled; Made in (Name of Country) for B. Altman & Company.  Some of these cloth dolls resembled Alma dolls, they also imported unmarked Norah Welling dolls from England.

American Art Dolls 1916-1917 USA, connected to Strobel & Wilken, made cloth character dolls of stockinette or canvas similar to Käthe Kruse dolls.

American Needlecraft, Inc. 1930s NYC USA, made well known radio and television cloth character dolls by exclusive license of Famous Artist Syndicate; Orphan Annie, her dog Sandy, Smitty and Herby, probably marked or labeled Famous Artist Syndicate, American Needlecraft.

American Stuffed Novelty Co. 1923-1930 NYC, USA Art and Boudoir dolls with long limbs in sateen fabric, painted press cloth face, Aunt Jemima doll, Like Like Line of dolls; Co-Ed Flapper doll, Pierrot doll, Pierrette doll, Trilby doll distributed thru Edwin A. Besser, Borgfeldt, Louis Wolf & Co  - doll mark Life Like Line.


Anita Novelty Co 1929+ USA, in 1929 joined the European Doll Manufacturing Company, made French head Flapper boudoir dolls, pillow dolls and novelties.

Annalee Mobilitee Co 1950s-present, USA, felt cloth dolls of children, adults, animals, imaginary characters and more.Arnold Print Works cloth doll mark

Annin & Co 1925-1926 USA, made printed lithograph cloth dolls from a two piece pattern that was stitched together by the home sewer.

S. Arno & Son dolls 1917-1918 England, made cloth dolls.

Arnold Print Works Incorporated 1876-1925+ North Adams, Mass. USA, colorful printed lithograph cloth dolls, cut, stuffed to be sewn by the home sewer.

Art Fabric Mills cloth doll mark Pat. Feb, 13, 1900Art Fabric Mills dolls 1900-1910 USA, (then successors Selchow & Richter 1911-1930) Edgar Newell (company President) created a cutout printed cloth infant doll named Life-Size Doll, 8-30" tall, colorful lithograph facial features, hair, black high boots, undergarment and printed on bottom of foot:  Art Fabric Mills New York Pat. Feb. 13, 1900.  Some Art Fabric Mills cloth doll names are: Dolly Dimple, Topsy dolls, Cry Baby Pin Cushion doll, Foxy Grandpa doll, Buster Brown doll 16", Diana doll, Bridget doll, Uncle doll, Baby doll, Billy doll and Newlywed Kid dolls.                                                                                   

Art Toy Manufacturing Co doll mark MisskaArt Toy Manufacturing Co 1919-1923 ENG and distributed in NYC, made dolls of cloth 9 - 30" tall or plush covered kapok filled cloth bodies in white, pink or blue with stamped trimming and velvet faces. Two styles; style No. A. had long hair plaits and style No. B had a fur muff, doll mark Misska.

Atlas Manufacturing Co dolls 1914-1918 ENG, made cloth dolls, also some dolls with British ceramic heads and hands.

Aunt Jemima Mills Co dolls 1908-1910, USA, printed lithograph fabric black Aunt Jemima dolls and other related cloth rag dolls.

Aux Trois Quarters 1905-1924s FRA, famous Paris, France department store that sold special order dolls that bear their name, made of bisque or cloth from various doll makers.

Bach Brothers dolls 1908-1909 USA, black or white flat faced with painted hair and facial features cloth dolls marked & named Bye Bye Kids Strictly Sanitary Old Mammy  ------------------------------->

G. Bagnaro 1928-1929 FRA, handmade cloth mask face shoulder head dolls named La Pompadour dollsL. Bamberger & Co doll mark IKWA

L. Bamberger & Company 1892-1930s USA in 1930 made a line of cloth dolls marked IKWA, used the slogan; Under the China-Berry Tree.

Bell & Francis dolls 1906-1921, ENG, cloth character dolls including Allied Forces dolls, and British ceramic and composition dolls.

Rolf Berlich dolls 1920-1924, GER, cloth dolls with side glancing glass eyes, jointed bodies, mohair wig, doll mark a lead seal attached to dolls hand symbol.

Gregoire Biberian dolls 1929-1931, FRA, cloth art dolls, intertwined BG doll mark.

Fritz Bierschenk dolls 1906-1930s, GER, cloth mask face dolls and bisque head baby and child dolls, doll mark FB, F & B Germany.


Binder & Cie doll mark

Binder & Cie dolls 1918+, FRA, made cloth dolls, doll mark BK in script. 

Bippy Doll 1940, 18" tall, all cloth elf doll, based on the children's story book by Elizabeth Downing Barnitz, doll maker unknown, the cloth Bippy doll is unmarked.Bonin, Lefort & Cie doll mark boy & girl playing

Mabel Bland-Hawkes dolls 1918-1930, ENG, small cloth and mascot dolls called Cuddley doll, also Baby Royal doll and Caprice a multi-face, three faced doll.

Bonin, Lefort & Cie dolls 1923-1928, FRA, costumed cloth dolls, doll mark a symbol of a boy and girl playing in a circle

Bonser doll mark I Am A Bonser DollBonser Doll Company then Bonser Products 1925-1930+, Mineola, NY USA, also distributed thru Wyse-Bailey, founded by Helen Haldane Wyse, made washable cloth stockinette dolls; Betty Bonser doll, Bobby Bonser doll, Buddy Bonser doll, added in 1930 composition Rattle head dolls with a cloth body sizes 7-30" tall, also a long limbed character doll.  Bonser dolls were marked with a circular paper hang tag with a checkered border; I am a Bonser Doll.

DeWitt C. Bouton dolls 1899+ USA, Topsy Turvy doll, black and white dolls with sateen painted facial features and hair, with a purple patent stamp

Calvare 1920s French, made cloth art dolls with molded pressed face large heads, fine raffia like hair, large stationary side glancing eyes, closed mouth,  pink cloth body over a wired frame, flesh colored arms, stockinette legs with tiny feet, clothing and doll mark Calvare, Made in France.

Cocheco Manufacturing Co then Lawrence & Co dolls 1827-1893+ Boston, MA USA, made cloth rag dolls beginning in 1889 designed by Celia & Charity Smith, rag dolls mark; 1827 Cocheco Manufacturing Company, Boston - New York - Phlia (in a circle), Lawrence & Co, Patented Aug. 15th 1893 number 503316.  1893 Ida Gutsell designed cloth rag dolls.



Collingbourne Mills 1920s USA, made cut out and sew at home cloth rag dolls and doll clothing, marked with cloth label.


Columbian doll mark by Emma, Marietta AdamsColumbian Dolls 1891-1910 USA, are named after the 1893 Columbian Exposition, the Chicago World's Fair where the dolls were exhibited, the cloth dolls were made by sisters Emma & Marietta Adams; dressed cloth dolls, stitched fingers and toes, stitched shoulder, hip and knee joints, flat hand painted facial features and hair, painted by Emma until her passing in 1900, after 1900 artists were hired for the task.  Marietta outfitted the dolls in simple cotton dresses, bonnets or caps hand sewn kid slippers or booties.  Early dolls are marked Columbian Doll Emma E. Adams Oswego Centre, N.Y., later mark The Columbian Doll Manufactured by Marietta Adams Ruttan Oswego N.Y.



Darrow Manufacturing Company 1866-1877 Bristol, CT USA, made 15 or 18" tall dolls with leather rawhide heads that were pressed, shaped and painted on a cloth body with leather arms and shoes, patented by Franklin Elijah Darrow and Deon E. Peck, dolls are marked with a green and gold paper label; F.E. Darrow PATENT May 1st 1866.


Louis Eisen dolls 1927-1929 USA, imported cloth pressed mask face dolls Art dolls, probably from France; Clown dolls, Peasant dolls, Artist dolls, Children dolls, dolls names; Apache doll (a French ruffian doll), Argentine doll, Aviator dolls, Aviatrix doll.


J. K. Farnell & Co 1871-1968 ENG, also known as Farnell's Alpha Toys, made pressed felt, velvet, stockinette cloth dolls, with side glancing eyes and smiling mouths, chubby bodies of stockinette with seams in front, back and sides of each leg, mohairor human hair sewn on in a circular pattern.  Farnell made child dolls, native dolls, novelty dolls, coronation portrait dolls of King Edward VIII, King George VI,, dolls are marked with a tag; Farnell, Alpha Toys, Made in England or

H. M. The King, Made in England, J. K. Farnell & Co, Action London or the portrait character's name.

George H. Hawkins doll mark X.L.C.R DOLL HEAD Pat. Sept. 8, 1868George H. Hawkins dolls 1867-1870 NYC, USA, made cloth head dolls saturated with glue or sizing, pressed into dies and hardened retaining its shape.  Doll heads marked on shoulder X.L.C.R DOLL HEAD Pat. Sept. 8, 1868 (issued in USA, France, England) which is sometimes found on Automata Mechanical dolls made by William Farr Goodwin.

Klumpe, Layna, Nistis or Roldan 1950s+ Spain - all of these companies made a cloth covered wire armature doll with a painted mask face that represent; Spanish dancers, professionals, a person doing a hobby or activity, historic characters, dolls are usually under 12" tall, are charmingly dressed and posed as about 200 different characters; a Flamenco dancer male or female, doing an activity; Fishing, holding a Birthday Cake, Lady Shopping in windy weather, Mother and Child, Skiing, Swimming, etc, as a Professional; Bull fighter, Doctor, Nurse etc.  Dolls would have had a tag attached to the clothing identifying it's maker.  Effanbee imported Klumpe dolls to the USA, Rosenfeld Imports & Leora Dolores of Hollywood imported some Roldan dolls.

Knickerbocker Specialty Company dolls 1904, USA, made a cutout cloth rag doll that looked like a Buster Brown doll.

Richard G. Krueger 1917-1964+ USA, best known for their 1920s-1930s cloth dolls, mask face dolls, rag dolls and stuffed plush animals, also made bent limb baby dolls, rattle head dolls.  Maintained a relationship with King Innovations, who was the sole licensed manufacturer by Rosie O'Neill of cloth stuffed 1929-1930+ Cuddle Kewpies or Cuddly Kewpies dolls, sizes 11, 14 1/2, 17 & 22" tall, Krueger registered patent 1785800.  Many of their cloth dolls are similar to Averill, Mollyes and Knickerbocker dolls.  Body and clothing is usually well marked with a cloth tag: R G Krueger NYC.  Krueger filed a trademark patent as late as 1964 and is the last date we could find for this company.  They also sold plastic or vinyl baby dolls ca. 1960s.

Labrador Cloth Tea Dolls 1960s+, North America, dolls made of caribou skins stuffed with tea and dressed, made by Intuit and Eskimos in the arctic regions of North America.

Live Long Toys Co 1923-1940s, Chicago, IL  USA, made oilcloth, mostly comic cartoon character dolls designed by Eileen Benoliel; Skeezix, Little Orphan Annie and her dog Sandy, Herby, Red Grange, Chester Gump, Kayo, Emily Marie, Smitty, Moon Mullins, Corky - Skeezix's baby brother, Jane, Humpty Boy, Clown, Baby Bibs, Pat, Jean, Harold Teen, Perry Winkle, Freckles, Snappy Dolls, Sunday comic characters designed by William Donahey; Teenie Weenie dolls made of oilcloth, actress Esther Starring in "Mama's Angel Child" oilcloth doll designed by Penny Ross.

Moravian Dolls 1872+ Bethlehem, PA  USA, the Ladies Sewing Society of the Central Moravian Church created the Polly Heckewelder 15" tall doll in 1872, in honor of Johanna Marie Heckewelder (known as Polly) daughter of missionary John Heckewelder from Salem, Ohio.  Also Benigna a 6" tall doll (named after the founder of the first Protestant boarding school for girls in America) made by the Bethel Circle of King's Daughters of the first Moravian Church of Bethlehem, PA and Anna Nitschmann dolls.  Dolls are all unmarked.


Mothers Congress Dolls Company 1900-1911, Philadelphia, PA  USA - made cloth rag dolls from a seven piece pattern to be put together, dolls designed by Madge Lansing Mead, doll mark found on some dolls; Baby Stewart doll, Children's Favorite doll, Mothers' Congress Doll, Philadelphia, Pa. Pat. Nov. 6, 1900.


Nelke Corporation dolls 1917-1930, Philadelphia, PA  USA, made from single piece of knitted stockinette fabric from the Elk Knitting Mills Company (owned by Harry Nelke), the cloth dolls have bright waterproof painted faces, stuffed with floatable Java fabric without using pins or buttons, had a ribbon label marked Nelke.  1918 Nelke Dollies doll, 920-1929 Gold Dust Twins dolls; Dusty and Goldie 5 1/2" tall, cloth advertising dolls for Gold Dust washing powder soap, 1921 Nelke Boy doll, Nelke Clown doll, 1923 Nelke Cop doll and the Imp doll, 1923 Diggeldy Dan doll, a cherub like rag doll, 1924-1930 Indian dolls, Sailor dolls sizes 12, 14, 18" tall, some cloth dolls are shown in the Sears 1928 catalog page 157, Nelke dolls were also distributed by Davis & Voetsch.


Philadelphia Baby doll or Sheppard Baby doll ca. 1900s, USA, sold through the J. B. Sheppard Linen Store on Chestnut Street in Philadelphia.  A life size cloth doll, 18-22" tall, all cloth oil painted stockinette head and body, jointed at the shoulder, hips and knees, painted hair, molded face, painted eyebrows, deep set eyes with pronounced eyelids, closed mouth with indentation in lower center lip, applied ears, mitten style hands with separate thumbs, dolls are unmarked.


M. Pintel & Fils doll mark

M. Pintel & Fils 1913-1928 FRA - made cloth dolls; girls, boys, clown, some may have a mask face, doll mold 131, was a member of Chambre Syndicale, doll mark a symbol of a bar with lines --------------------------------->


Prager and Rueben Company 1942+, 510 East 73rd Street, New York, NYC, USA, made small US Paratrooper parachute brown cloth dolls named; Raggedy-Doodle 6 3/4" tall with a mask face, attached clothing and attached parachute that folds back into a pouch on it's back, WW II (1939-1945) era toy.  Parachute is marked with red ink stamp; Raggy-Doodle, U.S., Parachute Trooper, Design Patent Allowed.   Patent No. 133160 or 133180 by M. Hoyle.


Ragline cloth doll with molded features; date, maker and country unknown, doll marked in script Ragline.


Shanklin Toy Industry dolls 1915-1920 ENG - then became Nottingham Toy Industry - British Toys, made cloth dolls with composition heads or mask faces, cloth bodies usually of stockinet and baby dolls in both black or white.  1917 Baby Bunting doll, Bambino doll, Betty and Kate Greenaway children dolls, cloth Paddler dolls that can sit or stand wearing black and white swimsuits and hats.  1918 British Babes dolls, Bye-Bye Baby dolls, Christopher dolls, Jane dolls, Jim doll, Patty doll, Prudence doll, Shirley and Suzanne dolls.  1919 Baby Ann doll, Miss Peggy doll and a Bather doll.Margaret Steiff doll mark ear button Knopf inn Ohr


Margaret Steiff 1880+ GER, best known for their Teddy bears and other plush animals Steiff also made dolls in felt, velvet or plush, dolls marked with a ear button (as shown) after 1904.  In 1988 a line of vinyl headed Steiff dolls on cloth bodies was introduced.


W.P.A. Dolls 1930s USA, Works Progress Administration provided work for artists and seamstress during the Depression years, cloth dolls painted facial features, yarn hair, about 12" tall, usually marked; Michigan W.P.A. Toy Project, W.P.A. Museum Project Wichita, Museum Project 1865 W.P.A., W.P.A. Handicraft Project Milwaukee, Wisconsin, W.P.A. Macon, Georgia or similar.


Izannah F. Walker Dolls 1865+ Central Falls, Rhode Island USA, primitive stockinette stuffed cloth rag dolls with oil painted or sculptured faces, doll mark Patented Nov. 4th, 1873 or I.F. Walker's Patent Nov. 4th, 1873 or unmarkedIt is believed Miss Walker may have produced her cloth dolls as early as 1840.


Martha L. Wellington Dolls 1883+ Brookline, Massachusetts USA, made flesh colored cloth stockinette or leather baby dolls, wire frame inside head for shape, pressed and painted facial features, painted arms and lower legs, stuffed with cotton, doll marked in an oval label Patented Jan. 8, 1883.

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