1910 Horsman Baby Bumps doll
Edward Imeson Horsman
(E. I. Horsman) opened a toy company in New York City, New York in 1865 and became
a leader in the toy industry. In the early years Horsman imported dolls
from outside the USA, starting in 1904 they distributed "Babyland Rag Dolls"
made of all cloth created by Albert Bruckner. About 1909
Horsman used a new formula to make composition "Can't break Em" doll
heads like the Billiken
and a variety of Mama and Baby dolls.
Horsman and Aetna Doll & Toy
In 1930 Horsman
acquired the Amberg doll company, their competitor and
continued to produce some of Amberg's dolls, notably the Vanta Baby. In
October 1933 Horsman became a subsidiary of the
Doll company, in 1986 the Horsman name
was sold to the Asian company Gata - Gatabox LTD. of Hong Hong, which produced dolls under the
name Horsman LTD.
1904-1920s Horsman Antique Dolls
1904-1928 Horsman Babyland
Rag Dolls, 13-28" tall, white or black, all cloth with
a simple flat with little detail painted mask face, mitt like hands,
some have mohair sewn to top of head, clothing is removable,
marked: Genuine Babyland trademark or unmarked. Some dolls may
have the copyright date printed on the lower edge of the head plate, PAT'D
JULY 8th 1901, these were made by
Brückner or marked Genuine Babyland trademark or unmarked.
1907+ Dolls now have lithographed
printed face, these seem to be mostly unmarked, they also made a Topsy Turvy doll,
that has both a white and
black doll face when turned over.
1910-1911 14" tall, Babyland
Baby, Babyland Rag, Babyland Topsy, Babyland Topsy Baby, Topsy
Turvy, Babyland Fancy, and Babyland Boy. 16 1/2" Babyland Beauty,
20" Babyland Dinah or Babyland Lady, Babyland Big Baby, 30"
Babyland Dorothy, Baby and Jackie Robinson. 1911-1912 American Kids in
1904 Babyland Rag Doll 13" distributed by Horsman.
1909 Horsman Billiken doll,
12" tall, "Can't Break Em" composition character head on plush body, marked with a
cloth label. It's believed that 200,000 of
these dolls were sold in the first six months of production and
was a major success for Horsman. In 1995 Gata, Gatabox LTD of Hong Kong reproduced these
dolls in a limited addition.
1909 Billikin doll,
1910-1912 Horsman Baby Bumps doll,
9-18" tall, character doll,
black doll or white doll, "Can't Break Em" composition head, painted facial
features, head modeled after Kämmer & Reinhardt's doll mold 100), hard
cloth stuffed body and limbs, doll marked: E.I.H. 1911, Genuine Baby Bumps
The Horsman Baby Bumps Jr doll, (looks similar to
Kestner's mold number 211) was the
smallest size at 9", Big Baby Bumps doll the largest at
18", in 1916 Sandy Bumps doll and Mandy Bumps doll, that
came with a shovel & pail.
Baby Bumps black doll, 14"
Campbell Kid, 10" unmarked
1910-1928 Horsman Campbell
Kid doll, 9 1/2-16" tall, based on artist Grace Gebbie
Wiederseim Drayton illustrations, sculpted and designed by
Helen Trowbridge. Early dolls have a composition head,
cloth stuffed with cork body, jointed at arms and hips, most
have side glancing, black painted eyes shaped like a heart on
it's side, dolls are unmarked.
Horsman lost the licensing for the Campbell kid dolls to the American
company, after WWII they re-acquired the rights
again to produce the authorized Campbell Kid dolls ca. 1948.
All composition jointed body, molded painted hair, side
glancing painted eyes, painted on shoes
and socks. Dolls are unmarked.
Horsman Campbell Kid doll 12"
molded shoes, unmarked
1910 Horsman Little Nemo doll,
15" tall, composition head & short arms, cloth stuffed body with
inside disks for limb joints, molded painted hair, painted eyes,
closed mouth, marked: E.I.H. © 1910. Little Nemo is a
comic character created by Windsor McCay for the New York
Herald on October 15, 1905.
1910 Little Nemo
1911 Horsman Cotton Joe doll,
character dolls, 10 or 14" tall, "Can't Break Em" composition
brown head with painted features, hard
stuffed cloth tan body, olive cloth legs, doll marked: E.I.H.
1911. Came wearing a red or striped shirt with
brown or khaki suspender pants, some may have had a straw
hat. He was one of the original American Kids in Toyland
Some other Can't Break Em dolls
were; 1919 Little Mary Mix-Up
15" or 18" and
1917 Uncle Sam's Kids; Miss Sam doll, Master Sam doll, 15-15 1/2"
Cotton Joe doll 14"
Horsman Puppy Pippin
doll & Horsman Pussy Pippin doll, 8" tall, composition head with a
plush stuffed body, Grace G. Drayton designed, marked: Copyright
1911 E I Horsman Co. on a cloth label sewn on their tummy.
Puppy Pippin, 8"
Horsman Peterkin doll, 11 - 14" tall, all adtocolite
or later all composition, girls and
boys, cherubic painted
faces, some use the Campbell Kid head mold, eyes look slightly to the left or right, smiling closed
mouth, molded hair, some dolls have wigs, one piece body and head with jointed arms.
The early Peterkin dolls are unmarked. The later dolls have
a composition head and limbs with a cloth body, was marked: EIH,
Inc., came with a variety of different outfits. Also Baby
Peterkin doll of the Nature Babies dolls, Betsy Peterkin doll,
Dimples doll, Fifi a super grade
Peterkin doll, Little Peterkin doll, Tommy Peterkin doll and Willie Peterkin
Fulper Pottery made an all bisque Peterkin doll in 1919.
1928 Horsman Peterkin girl doll, Campbell Kid head
1915 Horsman Baby Darling, six sizes available, composition and cloth
1924-1930s Horsman Baby Darling doll,
16-25" tall, composition head with lightly molded painted blond
hair, brown sleep eyes with painted upper and lower lashes, open red painted mouth
with two upper and lower teeth, cloth baby body some may have a tummy Mama
composition arms with wide spread apart fingers on hands, composition
legs to above the knee, doll is unmarked. This head mold was used by other doll
manufacturers as well, including
Effanbee Lovums competitor
Photo courtesy of
Darling doll, 25"
1915-1918 Horsman Blink doll, 14" tall, comic characters based on Gene Carr's New York
World comic strip, "Lady Bountiful". Dolls were
designed by Bernard Lipfert and have round faces and exaggerated
features; all 14" tall; other Horsman Gene Carr Kids; Skinny doll, Lizzy
doll, Mike doll, Jane doll,
Snowball doll and Smoke doll (last two are both black dolls).
Blink and Mike also
came dressed as Carnival Kids in Pierrot type clown
outfits. Blink wore a orange and black clown outfit and Mike
came in a blue and white one. (doll is shown re-dressed).
Carnivale Kid 14"
Blink in pierrot clown outfit
1915 Horsman Boy doll, 15" tall, copy of
K & R bisque head doll mold
115 with a pouty mouth (boy or girl), which is also similar to
Käthe Kruse's 1912 Fiammingo head mold, flared composition head and short arms, cloth stuffed
body, upper arms and straight legs with inside disks at hip joints, molded painted hair, painted
brown eyes, closed mouth. Doll is unmarked.
See also Effanbee's
Billy Boy Doll 1912-1915, with a similar Fiammingo head mold, with blue
1912 Boy doll, 17" tall,
1912 Fiammingo head
mold, with a closed mouth
Horsman Child Doll, 16"
tall + other sizes, all composition socket head, sleep eyes, wigged, closed
mouth, composition ball jointed body with slanted hips (see next doll for body
redressed. Doll mark E.I.H. Co. on both head and body. See next
doll who is very similar except the heads are made of bisque.
Child doll, 16"
Horsman Bisque Socket head dolls, heads were made for Horsman first by
(1919-1920) Fulper Pottery, then (1920-1921) Nippon a Japan manufacturer. Composition
ball jointed body usually with the Horsman marking: E. I. H Co. on the back.
Heads are marked with the manufacturer's marking, some plus a Horsman mark,
too. Johann Martin Stangl's (MS) initials are sometimes above the
Fulper vertical marking + Made in USA., some mold numbers used
are: H 1, H 4, 2 B and others. The Nippon bisque head dolls
are marked: Horsman + Nippon + mold number, B 6, B 7, B 9
or just numbers, 1, 2, 3 etc.
MS Fulper marked bisque head doll, 16", toddler body Horsman
1919 Horsman Little
Mary Mix-Up doll, 15 or 18" tall, cartoon character by R. M.
Brinkerhoff, composition shoulder head and lower arms,
cloth body, upper arms and legs with inside disk joints, molded painted hair
with ribbon pinhole, painted blue eyes, tiny closed mouth, doll is
unmarked, she has a label
tag sewn on the sleeve of her dress, as shown at right; Little Mary
Mix-up Trademark by permission New York Evening Herald Mfg'd. by E.I. Horsman &
Aetna Doll Co.
1919 Horsman Little
Mary Mix-Up doll mark label
1921 Horsman Jackie Coogan doll,
14" tall, composition and cloth, Jackie was a child
actor from the Charlie Chaplin film "The Kid"
in 1921, there were two dolls; the first one used a
generic molded doll head that was used on many other dolls, then
a second head was sculpted specifically for the doll by Helen
Trowbridge with a likeness of the child actor and wore a pageboy
Both dolls are dressed in a turtleneck sweater, long pants
with suspenders, checked cap and button that said
"Horsman Jackie Coogan Kid Patented".
1921 Jackie Coogan,
Horsman Baby Horsman
14, 20 & 24" tall, designed by Edith Hitchcock,
composition flange head & hands with loosely stuffed cloth
body and limbs, disk jointed shoulders, hip joints are stitched,
molded painted hair & facial features (they largest size has
painted eyes, the smaller two have sleep eyes), and closed
mouth. Was meant to portray a real life baby and even has
dimpled hands. All are marked: E.I. © H. Co.
Baby Horsman doll, 24"
1924+ Horsman Bunny Tots dolls,
6" tall, all bisque, one piece doll with sculpted bunny
hood and pink lined bunny ears, a blond tuft of hair at the
forehead, painted side glancing eyes, closed pouty mouth and
painted purple shoes and white socks. Marked on foot: Germany
Bunny Tots trademark. Paper label on chest: Copyright
by the E.I. Horsman Co.
Adventures" was the name of a character that
appeared in the Washington Post in an illustrated column on
Sundays in 1924 and became part of a series of books published
by author, illustrator and creator Edward G. McCandlish
in 1926 and republished in 1928.
Photo courtesy of Kothera and Thank You to Don
Jensen for identifying the doll!
1924+ Bunny Tots doll, 6"
Horsman Tynie Baby doll, 6-11" tall, all bisque with painted facial features, larger dolls 15-21"
tall, have composition flange heads and full arms or just the hands, with a cloth
body some may have Mama squeakers in tummy, with painted or tin sleep eyes,
closed mouth, scowling like face, designed by Bernard Lipfert. A Bye-Lo Baby like
In the late 1920s Horsman sued
Acme for copying the Tynie Baby doll, but
lost the lawsuit as their doll was only marked with the initials E.I.H., not with
the full Horsman name, thereafter dolls are marked E.I.H. 1924 Horsman.
All bisque small doll mark: © 1924 E.I.
HORSMAN Inc. Made in Germany.
Composition and cloth larger doll mark © 1924,
E.I.H. Co. Inc. or unmarked.
1924 Tynie Baby
1926 Horsman HEbee doll, SHEbee
doll, all composition 7 & 11" tall or 4-9" tall, all
bisque, painted facial features, both have a molded white painted
chemise, girls have pink shoes
and boys have blue shoes each with a metal loop on shoe for a bow.
These character dolls were
designed by Charles H. Twelvetrees a cartoonist &
illustrator, from his "Twelvetrees Kids" featured in
the Pictorial Review and newspapers throughout the USA during
the prior decade.
The HEbee shown
are both jointed at the shoulder, all composition, HEbee is
9" tall with blue shoes and the SHEbee is 7" tall with
pink shoes with bow loops. Dolls are unmarked but
had a paper tag on bottom of foot: Trademark Charles Twelvetrees Copyrighted
1925. Photo courtesy of
& SHEbee all bisque dolls were reproduced by
Horsman and artists modern reproduction dolls can be easily
found at flea markets and auctions.
HEbee & SHEbee dolls
Horsman Baby Dimples doll, 16-18
& 22-24" tall, composition flange head & partial
composition limbs on a cloth body, molded painted hair, sleep
eyes, open smiling mouth, marked: E.I.H.
© CO. INC. Doll shown unclothed on left is 16" tall.
Doll shown clothed on right
is pristine and all original, right down to her shoes. Photo courtesy of
1928 Baby Dimples doll
1928 Horsman Ella Cinders doll,
18" tall, comic character by Bill Conselman & Charlie
Plumb, has a composition head with round
painted eyes, freckles beneath the eyes, open/closed mouth,
cloth body. Had at least four different costumes, shown is
the pink and white checked cotton dress with black sash and
white apron. Marked: © 1925 M.N.S.
Gata, Gatabox LTD of Hong Kong, reproduced this doll in
1988 after they acquired the Horsman name, reproductions were
limited to 2,000 - 3,000 dolls.
1928 Ella Cinders doll,
dolls, various sizes, composition shoulder heads with
composition limbs and cloth body, criers,
including Baby dolls: Horsman Brother doll & Horsman Sister doll, 12-14
tall and Girl dolls: Horsman Peggy Ann doll & Dolly Rosebud, 14-16 or
22-24" tall. The Dolly Rosebud doll has her name in the
mold on the back of her neck.
1928 Horsman Dolly Rosebud
1928 Horsman Mama doll, 20" tall, composition shoulder head, arms &
lower legs, cloth stuffed body, stitched hip joints, multi stroke
painted eyebrows, grey tin sleep eyes, real upper lashes, painted
lower lashes, open mouth with two teeth & celluloid tongue, mohair
wig, marked on shoulder plate: E.I. © H. Co., E.I. Horsman,
1928 Mama doll, 20"
1929 Horsman Boots doll, 14" tall, Patsy type look a like, all composition socket head with jointed body, some have a body
twist waist, molded painted hair,
large painted brown eyes, dolls are unmarked.
Note: This doll face
mold was also sold by: the Maxine Doll Co. who named their
doll Mitzi and is marked on her back and
named her dolls; Jimmie a boy and Dimmie a girl, both dolls are unmarked.
1929 Boots doll, 14"
1929-1930 Horsman Peggy
Junior, Peggy, Peggy Ann dolls, 12-20" tall,
composition doll, molded lightly painted hair with a pin hole or metal loop for a
ribbon, has a right bent arm, fully jointed, painted or
sleep eyes. All Peggy dolls are from the Amberg
acquired doll molds.
The 12" tall, Horsman Peggy
Junior doll is all composition and is marked: IT.
The 14" tall, Horsman Peggy doll is all composition with a body twist waist and
is marked: Amberg, Pat. Pend., L. A. & S. © 1928.
The 20" tall, Horsman Peggy Ann doll has a
composition shoulder plate head on a cloth body and is unmarked.
1929 Peggy Jr. doll 12"
related horsman dolls
Additional Horsman dolls not shown
1900-1910 Horsman American Maid Rag doll, 11 1/2, 16
or 17 1/2" tall, also sold through Montgomery Wards and Sears.
1909 Horsman Commander Lieutenant Peary doll.
1910-1925 Horsman Art Dolls, 40 different
models, cloth dolls.
1910 Rastus Baby doll, composition and cloth
black doll dressed in rompers.
1910-1916 Horsman Toodles doll, 12--13 1/2"
tall, two dolls with different heads were issued, both designed by Helen
Trowbridge, composition head with molded painted hair, painted eyes, closed
mouth, cloth body, composition Campbell Kid like hands, at least one of the two
heads is marked Horsman Copyright 1912.
Horsman Nature Babies series dolls; Baby Bobby doll, 12" tall, composition
head and hands, molded hair, cloth stuffed body. Dolls were
modeled after real live babies. Unknown
if, how marked, but Ideal did usually mark most of their dolls. Other
doll names in the Nature Babies series are; Horsman Baby
Peterkin doll, Gold Medal Prize Baby doll and Suck-a-Thumb doll.
1911 Horsman Dutch Gretchen doll,
15" tall, composition head stitched to body (same mold used for the Jap
Rose Kid dolls), composition hands,
cloth stuffed body & limbs, mohair wig, back of head is flat,
painted eyes, closed mouth, dressed in a Dutch costume, has
striped stockings, felt clogs, head is a copy of a German bisque
doll, doll is unmarked.
1911 Horsman Jap Rose Kid dolls, Boy and
Girl dolls, 14" tall, flared composition head and short arms, cloth stuffed body
jointed with inside disks, Girl doll has pin jointed knees, molded painted black
hair and brown eyes, open mouth. Doll marked
E.I.H. © 1911.
Advertising doll for James Kirk Soap Company makers of Jap Rose soap. Head mold was also
used on the Camp Fire Girl doll, Gretel doll and if wigged with
side glance eyes Sunbonnet Sal doll.
1911 Horsman Tootsie doll, 15" tall, Art doll, "can't break em" composition
head with wavy molded hair and hair bow on side of head,
painted blue eyes, closed smiling mouth, cloth stuffed body, short
composition arms, upper arms and legs are inside disk jointed.
Doll is unmarked.
1911-1914 Horsman American Kids in Toyland dolls, made with can't break em
composition heads and sateen covered bodies, 100 models. 1911-1914 Horsman Annette doll,
Fairy doll, Nancy Lee doll and Polly Pru doll 12-13" tall, all
used the same composition head mold with molded bobbed hair, large single curl
on forehead, painted eyes, closed mouth, cloth body. Each doll wore
different clothing, designed by Helen Trowbridge. Dolls marked
1912 Horsman Oriental Baby doll, 11" tall,
flared composition head and short arms, cloth stuffed body, upper arms and legs
with inside joints, molded painted red turban, brown painted eyes, closed mouth.
Doll is unmarked, has a cloth tag on body
Copyright 1910 By
1912-1916 Horsman Our Baby doll, 10 1/2' & 13" tall,
composition head (with molded hair or wigged, painted or glass eyes) and hands,
cloth body, upper arms and bent limb legs, doll marked
Horsman Baby Blossom doll, 10-13" tall,
composition shoulder head and lower arms, cloth stuffed body,
upper arms & legs with inside disk joints, lightly painted molded
hair, painted eyes, open mouth, marked: E.I.H. © 1913.
Horsman Baby Butterfly doll, 13" tall, based on the opera Madame Butterfly,
Japanese Asian baby doll, composition "can't break em" flared head
and composition lower arms, black painted molded hair, brown
painted eyes painted upper eyelashes, single stroke painted
eyebrows, closed mouth, olive skinned, cloth stuffed body upper
arms and legs. Came wearing a colorful Kimono. Doll is
unmarked. Doll was also designed by a Japanese
1913 Horsman Boy Scout doll and Campfire
Girl doll (the girl head mold same as the Jap Rose Kid dolls).
1913 Horsman Our Baby doll, 13" tall, flared composition
with lightly molded painted hair, painted blue eyes and closed mouth head, sewn
to the cloth body, composition hands, cloth upper arms and legs with inside disk
joints, Doll is unmarked. ca. 1915 Scooter, about 13"
also uses the same Our Baby head mold, all cloth stuffed inside disk
jointed limb body with sewn on black cloth boots. Doll is unmarked.
Rosebud doll, size unknown, composition and cloth laughing child
doll. Designed by Helen Trowbridge.
1915 Horsman Alice in Wonderland
doll, size and material unknown, based on John Tenniel
illustrations of Lewis Carroll's book of the same name. Horsman registered trade name.
1915 Horsman Fifi
doll, 11 1/2" tall, a Super Grade Peterkin doll with mohair wig
# 215, composition turned shoulder head, arms lower torso and legs,
jointed only at the shoulders, stationary glass eyes, painted upper and lower
eyelashes, closed mouth, mohair wigged, cloth stuffed body. The Fifi doll
is unmarked. The Horsman Fifi doll appears to be a copy of the
Gebrüder Heubach doll mold 10490, a little bisque girl turned
looking over her shoulder to the left, with side glancing eyes.
1915 Horsman Frisky Fido
a dog head, 12" tall, composition flange dog head, cloth body and limbs with
inside disk joints, painted eyes round, chubby cheeks with ) deep indents (
around a closed mouth with a painted tongue sticking out. Doll mark
E.I.H. © 1915. Designed by Grace G. Drayton. Frisky's
companion was Pussy Precious doll with a cat head doll.
1917 Horsman Army Nurse doll
registered doll trade name.
1920 Horsman Manikin doll,
a registered doll trade name. 1921
Horsman Baby Paula doll, a registered
doll trade name.
ca. 1928 Horsman Mellin's Food doll, 11" tall,
composition shoulder head with molded painted blonde hair, blue painted eyes,
closed mouth, pink cotton cloth body, upper arms and bent legs, composition
lower arms, doll marked E.I.H. © Inc.
(Horsman) dressed in red and white striped rompers, clothes labeled
Mellin's Food Doll Boston, Mass.