Antique Schmitt et Fils bébé is 19 1/2" tall, pressed bisque socket head,
jointed wood and composition body with flat bottom, jointed at
shoulders, elbows, hips and knees, non-jointed
straight wrists, mohair wig, pale bisque coloring with lightly blushed
cheeks, oval paperweight eyes lined in black with a hint of eye shadow,
short painted lashes, feathered brows, closed painted lined mouth, pierced ears
Maurice and Charles Schmitt formed
Schmitt et Fils (sons) in 1854 at Nogent sur-Marne, Seine and Paris,
France to manufacture toys and bébés (dolls) until 1891.
It's believed Schmitt began making bisque or composition papier mache head dolls
1867, by 1877 they were granted a patent for improved
coloring, tinting of porcelain shoulder heads for bébés and dolls.
In 1878 Schmitt won a silver medal at the Paris Exposition for their
dolls and bébés.
From 1879-1891 their specialty was a doll
called Bébé Schmitt supposedly an indestructible jointed Bébé
who they also exported. In 1883 they obtained a patent for a layer
of wax to be applied to the pressed bisque heads, which they believed enhanced
the appearance and durability of the dolls. Schmitt's French bébés dolls are of superior quality, high value and highly desired
by collectors today, as in the past.
Identifying Schmitt et Fils doll mark two crossed
hammers on a shield, initials SCH on both head and body