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Cloth Doll Makers & Cloth Doll Marks 1860+The history of fabric dolls goes back as far as mankind has been making textiles and extends to the present day. The earliest existing cloth dolls were found preserved in wealthy patrons tombs in ancient Egypt. 


During the 1880s cloth dolls with painted faces, printed lithographed fabric Rag dolls and primitive Folk Art dolls were popular in the New England states in the USA.  By 1906 cloth dolls with printed Photographic faces first appeared.


To identify a cloth doll look for a label sewn into a body seam or the dolls clothing, an ink stamp on the back, tummy or foot of the doll body.  Some dolls were unmarked, as they originally had a hangtag with the company and possibly the dolls name.  If these are all missing, a bit of research will be needed to rediscover your dolls identify.


Cloth Dolls, Makers & Marks 1860+

Alkid Doll Company 1919-1921 USA, made all kid leather dolls, socket head with a shoulder plate dolly face, had glass eyes, closed mouth, mohair wig, doll mark symbol a standing mountain goat, ALKID DOLL TRADEMARK Pat'd applied for.

B. Altman doll label Made in Country for B. Altman


B. Altman & Co dolls 1920s-1930s USA, a New York city department store sold imported cloth dolls labeled; Made in (Name of Country) for B. Altman & Company.  Some of these cloth dolls resembled Alma dolls, they also imported unmarked Norah Wellings dolls from England.





American Needlecraft doll mark Famous Artist Syndicate, American Needlecraft


American Needlecraft, Inc. 1930s NYC USA, made well known radio and television cloth character dolls by exclusive license of Famous Artist Syndicate; Orphan Annie, her dog Sandy, Smitty and Herby, probably marked or labeled Famous Artist Syndicate, American Needlecraft plus the dolls name.

Ella Smith, Alabama Indestructible cloth doll face


Alabama Indestructible baby dolls by

Ella Smith Doll Co 1899+

Alma cloth Doll 1929+


Alma dolls 1929+

American Stuffed Novelty doll mark Life Like Line

American Stuffed Novelty Company 1923-1930s+ NYC, made cloth flapper, composition mama and Baby dolls, doll mark Life Like Line.

Anili 1953 Lucia girl cloth doll 12"


Anili dolls 1948+


1890s Beecher black ldy cloth doll face 


Beecher Baby dolls 1893+ or

Missionary Rag Baby dolls

Maggie Bessie cloth doll face


Maggie Bessie dolls 1897+


Chad Valley 1920s Cloth Doll


Chad Valley dolls 1897+


Martha Chase ca. 1920s cloth doll


Martha Jenks Chase dolls 1899+


Dean's Rag Book doll face


Dean's Rag Book dolls 1903+


Kathe Kruse 1910 Cloth Boy doll face


Käthe Kruse dolls 1910+


Lenci 1936 The Sweeper Cloth doll face


Lenci dolls 1919+


ca. 1950s Mask Face Dolls


Mask Face dolls


Ronnaug Petterssen Bride cloth doll


Ronnaug Petterssen dolls 1930s+


Norah Wellings 1930s Island Girl cloth dolls


Norah Wellings or

Victoria Toy Works 1926+

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More Cloth Doll Makers


Alexander Amberg Averill

Babyland Rag

Bing Borgfeldt Boudoir


Knickerbocker Mattel Mollyes Sayco


Additional antique to vintage cloth dolls and doll company Information


Arnold Print Works Incorporated 1876-1925+ North Adams, Mass. USA, colorful printed lithograph cloth dolls patterns to be cut, stuffed and sewn by the home sewer, ca. 1893 Our Soldier Boys cloth printed doll designed by Celia M. Smith, 1892 Palmer Cox Brownies.

Art Fabric Mills Company 1900-1910 USA, (then successors Selchow & Richter 1911-1930) Edgar Newell (company President) created a cutout printed cloth infant doll named Life-Size Doll, 8-30" tall, colorful lithograph facial features, hair, black high boots, undergarment and printed on bottom of foot, doll mark  Art Fabric Mills New York Pat. Feb. 13, 1900.  Some Art Fabric Mills cloth doll names are: Baby doll, Billy doll, Bridget doll, Buster Brown doll 16", Cry Baby Pin Cushion doll, Diana doll, Dolly Dimple, Foxy Grandpa doll, Merrie Marie doll, 1907 The Newlyweds Kid (baby Snookums) cloth doll (The Newlyweds comic strip characters by George McManus), Topsy dolls and Uncle doll.

Art Toy Manufacturing Company 1919-1923 ENG and distributed in NYC, made dolls of cloth 9 - 30" tall or plush covered kapok filled cloth bodies in white, pink or blue with stamped trimming and velvet faces. Two styles; style No. A. had long hair plaits and style No. B had a fur muff, doll mark Misska, doll label "The Prettiest Doll in England = Vide DAILY SKETCH 15/9/19 Registered No. 67300.Aunt Jemima Mills Company 1908-1910 USA, printed lithograph fabric black Aunt Jemima dolls and other related cloth rag dolls, see Advertising Dolls

Baby Barry Toy trade name of Universal Toy Company 1950s NYC, NY USA, made hard plastic, cloth and vinyl dolls; various sizes of Emmet Kelly doll, as Willie the Clown, dolls maybe marked EMMETT KELLY WILLIE THE CLOWN with cloth tag sewn into seam Exclusive License Baby Barry Toy. N.Y.CCaptain Kangaroo doll, cloth and vinyl dolls may have a mark on head B.B. or 1961 ROBT. KEESHAN ASSOC. INC, have a tag sewn into seam Exclusive License Baby Barry Toy. N.Y.C. or unmarked.  see also the 1950s Hard Plastic doll page

L. Bamberger & Company 1892-1930s USA, in 1930 had a line of cloth dolls marked IKWA, slogan; Under the China-Berry Tree.

Rolf Berlich Company 1921-1924 GER, cloth dolls with side glancing glass eyes, jointed bodies, mohair wig, doll mark a dolls cloth mitten hand with lead seal attached symbol.

Fritz Bierschenk Company 1800-1930 GER, cloth mask face dolls and bisque head baby and child dolls, doll mark FB Germany.

Bonser Doll Company, then Bonser Products 1925-1930+ Mineola, NY USA, also distributed thru Wyse-Bailey, founded by Helen Haldane Wyse, made washable cloth stockinette dolls; Betty Bonser doll, Bobby Bonser doll, Buddy Bonser doll, added in 1930 composition Rattle head dolls with a cloth body sizes 7-30" tall, also a long limbed character doll.  Bonser doll mark I am a Bonser Doll on a circular paper hang tag with a checkered border.

DeWitt C. Bouton Company 1899+ USA, Topsy Turvy doll, black and white dolls with sateen painted facial features and hair, dolls marked with a purple patent stamp.

Bucilla Needlecraft cloth doll kits ca. 1960s+ USA, originally Bernhard Ulmann Company 1867+ NYC

Calvaire Doll Company 1920's FRA, doll mark ladies head symbol Calvaire Made in France or Made in France label.

Adrien Carvaillo 1915-1939 (Paris, France), La Vénus dolls are 14 1/2 to 23 1/2 inches tall, made of felt cloth with painted faces, doll mark Venus or La VENUS, distributed by Bon Marché, quite similar to Lenci cloth dolls.

Cocheco Manufacturing Company, then Lawrence & Company 1827-1893+ Boston, MA USA, made cloth rag dolls beginning in 1889 designed by Celia & Charity Smith, rag doll mark; Cocheco Manufacturing Company 1827, Boston - New York - Phlia (in a circle), Lawrence & Co, Patented Aug. 15th 1893 Number 503316.  1893 Ida Gutsell designed the cloth rag dolls.

Collingbourne Mills Company 1920s USA, made cut out and sew at home cloth rag dolls and doll clothing, doll mark  America's Best Cottons, RBC cloth label.

Columbian Doll Company 1891-1910 USA, are named after the 1893 Columbian Exposition, the Chicago World's Fair where the dolls were exhibited, the cloth dolls were made by sisters Emma & Marietta Adams; dressed cloth dolls, stitched fingers and toes, stitched shoulder, hip and knee joints, flat hand painted facial features and hair, painted by Emma until her passing in 1900, after 1900 artists were hired for the task.  Marietta outfitted the dolls in simple cotton dresses, bonnets or caps hand sewn kid slippers or booties.  Early doll mark Columbian Doll Emma E. Adams Oswego Centre, N.Y., later doll mark The Columbian Doll Manufactured by Marietta Adams Ruttan Oswego N.Y.

Creations Larrea of Biarritz cloth wired dolls 10-11" tall 1950s-1960s France, simiar to Klumpe or Roldan of Spain dolls

Darrow Manufacturing Company 1866-1877 Bristol, CT USA, made 15 or 18" tall dolls with leather rawhide heads that were pressed, shaped and painted on a cloth body with leather arms and shoes, patented by Franklin Elijah Darrow and Deon E. Peck, dolls are marked with a green and gold paper label; F.E. Darrow PATENT May 1st 1866.

JK Farnell & Company 1871-1968 ENG, also known as Farnell's Alpha Toys, made pressed felt, velvet, stockinette cloth dolls, with side glancing eyes and smiling mouths, chubby bodies of stockinette with seams in front, back and sides of each leg, mohairor human hair sewn on in a circular pattern.  Farnell made child dolls, native dolls, novelty dolls, coronation portrait dolls of King Edward VIII, King George VI,, dolls are marked with a tag; Farnell, Alpha Toys, Made in England or H. M. The King, Made in England, J. K. Farnell & Co, Action London or the portrait character's name.

George H. Hawkins Company 1867-1870 NYC, USA, made cloth head dolls saturated with glue or sizing, pressed into dies and hardened retaining its shape.  Doll heads marked on shoulder X.L.C.R DOLL HEAD Pat. Sept. 8, 1868 (issued in USA, France, England) which is sometimes found on Automata Mechanical dolls made by William Farr Goodwin.

Klumpe, Layna, Nistis or Roldan Companies 1950s+ Spain - all of these companies made a cloth covered wire armature doll with a painted mask face that represent; Spanish dancers, professionals, a person doing a hobby or activity, historic characters, dolls are usually under 12" tall, are charmingly dressed and posed as about 200 different characters; a Flamenco dancer male or female, doing an activity; Fishing, holding a Birthday Cake, Lady Shopping in windy weather, Mother and Child, Skiing, Swimming, etc, as a Professional; Bull fighter, Doctor, Nurse etc.  Dolls would have had a tag attached to the clothing identifying it's maker.  Effanbee imported Klumpe dolls to the USA.  Rosenfeld Imports and Leora Dolores of Hollywood imported some Roldan dolls.

Krestine Knudsen, author, The Old Country Dolls, book and dolls 1928+ Oakland, CA USA, made dolls as illustrated in her book, are dressed cloth rag dolls with oil painted faces, dolls were marked with a white rectangular tag, THE OLD COUNTRY DOLLS Trade Mark Patented.

Richard G. Krueger Company 1917-1964+ USA, best known for their 1920s-1930s cloth dolls, mask face dolls, rag dolls and stuffed plush animals, also made bent limb baby dolls, rattle head dolls.  Maintained a relationship with King Innovations, who was the sole licensed manufacturer by Rose O'Neill of cloth stuffed 1929-1930+ Cuddle Kewpies or Cuddly Kewpies dolls, sizes 11, 14 1/2, 17 & 22" tall, Krueger registered patent 1785800.  Many of their cloth dolls are similar to Averill, Mollyes and Knickerbocker dolls.  Doll body and clothing is usually well marked with a cloth tag R G Krueger NYC. Krueger filed a trademark patent as late as 1964 and is the last date we could find for this company.  They also sold plastic or vinyl baby dolls ca. 1960s.


Labrador Cloth Tea Dolls 1960s+ North America, dolls made of caribou skins stuffed with tea and dressed, made by Intuit and Eskimos in the arctic regions of North America.

Live Long Toys Company 1923-1940s Chicago, IL  USA, made oilcloth, mostly comic cartoon character dolls designed by Eileen Benoliel; Skeezix, Little Orphan Annie and her dog Sandy, Herby, Red Grange, Kayo, Emily Marie, Smitty, Moon Mullins, Corky - Skeezix's baby brother, Jane, Humpty Boy, Clown, Baby Bibs, Pat, Jean, Harold Teen, Perry Winkle, Freckles, Snappy Dolls, Sunday comic characters designed by William Donahey; Teenie Weenie dolls made of oilcloth, actress Esther Starring in "Mama's Angel Child" oilcloth doll designed by Penny Ross and Chester Gump designed by Sidney Smith are marked with their name.

Anne Maxwell Dolls 1914-1916 Bayside, NY, made cloth rag dolls from 1914 to 1916, her patent was granted in 1915.

Moravian Dolls 1872+ Bethlehem, PA  USA, the Ladies Sewing Society of the Central Moravian Church created the Polly Heckewelder 15" tall doll in 1872, in honor of Johanna Marie Heckewelder (known as Polly) daughter of missionary John Heckewelder from Salem, Ohio.  Also Benigna a 6" tall doll (named after the founder of the first Protestant boarding school for girls in America) made by the Bethel Circle of King's Daughters of the first Moravian Church of Bethlehem, PA and Anna Nitschmann dolls.  Dolls are all unmarked.


Mothers Congress Doll Company 1900-1911, Philadelphia, PA  USA - made cloth rag dolls from a seven piece pattern to be put together, dolls designed by Madge Lansing Mead, doll mark found on some dolls; Baby Stewart doll, Children's Favorite, Mothers' Congress Doll, Philadelphia, Pa. Pat. Nov. 6, 1900.


Nelke Corporation 1917-1930, Philadelphia, PA  USA, made dolls from single piece of knitted stockinette fabric from the Elk Knitting Mills Company (owned by Harry Nelke), the cloth dolls have bright waterproof painted faces, stuffed with floatable Java fabric without using pins or buttons, doll marked with a ribbon label in a diamond shape Nelke.  1918 Nelke Dollies doll, 1920-1929 Gold Dust Twins dolls; Dusty and Goldie 5 1/2" tall, cloth advertising dolls for Gold Dust washing powder soap, 1921 Nelke Boy doll, Nelke Clown doll, 1923 Nelke Cop doll and the Imp doll, 1923 Diggeldy Dan doll, a cherub like rag doll, 1924-1930 native American Indian dolls, Sailor dolls sizes 12, 14, 18" tall, some cloth dolls are shown in the 1928 Sears catalog, page 157, Nelke dolls were also distributed by Davis & Voetsch.


Madame Helena Paderewski 1915-1918 France - made cloth Polish relief dolls in WW1


Philadelphia Baby doll or Sheppard Baby doll ca. 1900s USA, sold through the J. B. Sheppard Linen Store on Chestnut Street in Philadelphia.  A life size cloth doll, 18-22" tall, all cloth oil painted stockinette head and body, jointed at the shoulder, hips and knees, painted hair, molded face, painted eyebrows, deep set eyes with pronounced eyelids, closed mouth with indentation in lower center lip, applied ears, mitten style hands with separate thumbs, dolls are unmarked.


Prager and Rueben Company 1942+, 510 East 73rd Street, New York, NYC, USA, made small US Paratrooper parachute, brown cloth dolls named; Raggy-Doodle 6 3/4" tall with a mask face, attached clothing and attached parachute that folds back into a pouch on it's back, WW II (1939-1945) era toy.  Parachute is marked with red ink stamp; Raggy-Doodle, U.S., Parachute Trooper, Design Patent Allowed.   Patent No. 133160 or 133180 by M. Hoyle.


Raggedy Ann, Raggedy Andy cloth dolls 1915+ USA - dolls and books designed by Johnny Gruelle, frst Raggedy Ann & Andy brown or orange yarn hair cloth dolls were hand made by the Gruelle family, in 1915 a patent was issued for Raggedy Ann no. 47,789.  From 1918-1934 book publisher PF Volland commercially manufactured the 15-16" Raggedy Ann & Andy cloth dolls.  Exposition Doll & Toy Mfg. Co. made the Raggedy Ann doll from 1934-1935.  Mollye's 1934-1937.  Averill / Georgene Novelties 1938-1962, Knickerbocker 1962-1981, Applause 1981-1983+, now division of Hasbro who hold the patent, are still making the cloth dolls today.  Patterns of Raggedy Ann & Andy are available for home makers to make today.


Gertrude Rolllinson Doll and The Utley Co., 1916-1929 Holyoke, MA - made cloth dolls with twenty coats of paint so they could be washable, dolls have molded painted hair or wigged, closed mouth, open/closed mouth some with painted teeth, some with pierced nostrils, doll mark Rollinson Doll Holyoke, Mass. with a doll in center of the diamond stamp.


Shanklin Toy Industry 1915-1920 ENG - then became Nottingham Toy Industry - British Toys, made cloth dolls with composition heads or mask faces, cloth bodies usually of stockinet and baby dolls in both black or white.  1917 Baby Bunting doll, Bambino doll, Betty and Kate Greenaway children dolls, cloth Peddler dolls that can sit or stand wearing black and white swimsuits and hats.  1918 British Babes dolls, Bye-Bye Baby dolls, Christopher dolls, Jane dolls, Jim doll, Patty doll, Prudence doll, Shirley and Suzanne dolls.  1919 Baby Ann doll, Miss Peggy doll and a Bather doll.

Margaret Steiff Company 1880+ GER, best known for their Teddy bears and other plush animals Steiff also made dolls in felt, velvet or plush, dolls marked with a ear button (as shown) KNOPF inn OHR after 1904.  In 1988 a line of vinyl headed Steiff dolls on cloth bodies was introduced.


Miss Tebbets, Marion Curry Tebbets (sisters) 1921-1930+ Pittsburgh, PA, one piece needle stitched cloth stockinette rotund dolls, about 6 1/2" tall, similar to Nelke cloth dolls.  Dolls have a cloth label sewn into a seam, doll mark Petiekin Honey, Trade Mark, Reg. U.S. Pat. Off., Pat. May 13, 1924.


W.P.A. Dolls 1930s USA, Works Progress Administration provided work for artists and seamstress during the Depression years, cloth dolls painted facial features, yarn hair, about 12" tall, doll usually marked; Michigan W.P.A. Toy Project, W.P.A. Museum Project Wichita, Museum Project 1865 W.P.A., W.P.A. Handicraft Project Milwaukee, Wisconsin, W.P.A. Macon, Georgia or similar.


Izannah F. Walker Doll Company 1865+ Central Falls, Rhode Island USA, primitive stockinette stuffed cloth rag dolls with oil painted or sculptured faces, doll mark Patented Nov. 4th, 1873 or I.F. Walker's Patent Nov. 4th, 1873 or unmarkedIt is believed Miss Walker may have produced her cloth dolls as early as 1840.


Martha L. Wellington Doll Company 1883+ Brookline, Massachusetts USA, made flesh colored cloth stockinette or leather baby dolls, wire frame inside head for shape, pressed and painted facial features, painted arms and lower legs, stuffed with cotton, doll marked with a oval label Patented Jan. 8, 1883




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