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K & R, Kämmer & Reinhardt Dolls 1886-1932 German 

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Pre-1909 Dolly Face doll, 25" tall, K & R with no mold

K & R Dolly Face, 66 cm. 26" tall, no mold number, jointed composition body, bisque socket head, W on forehead, mohair wig, blue sleep eyes, painted lashes, feathered brows, open mouth with teeth, pierced ears, doll marked K star R, 66 size in centimeters.

Kammer & Reinhardt doll mark

The Kämmer & Reinhardt doll company was formed in 1886 in Waltershausen, Thüringia, Germany by Ernst Kämmer and Franz Reinhardt. 

Early K & R dolls were made of wax.  K & R bisque doll heads and bodies were designed by them, but most heads were manufactured by Simon & Halbig which is why heads bear both marks.  They also purchased heads from Kling and Schutzmeister & Quendt.

From 1886 to 1909 K & R made only dolly faced dolls with a bisque head on a composition ball jointed or kid body, many with an open mouth and teeth.  After 1909 they made many types of dolls; bisque, composition or celluloid heads and even cloth costume dolls with wired bodies dressed in various professions.  

K & R supplied some bisque heads used to make Emile Berliner's gramophone talking dolls in 1890-1894.  In 1902 K & R purchased the Heinrich Handwerck doll company and about 1920 they acquired the Simon & Halbig company as well.

K & R is probably best known for character baby and child dolls.  

 

Antique Kämmer & Reinhardt -  K & R Dolls Identified

1911+ Kammer & Reinhardt Character Child Doll, 22" tall, bisque socket head, composition ball jointed body, glass eyes, feathered brows, painted upper and lower eyelashes, closed pouty mouth. 

 

Shown at right is Kammer & Reinhardt's

Character Child doll face, doll mold 115, she's 22" tall.

 

 This K & R bisque head doll mold 115 was also copied by American doll makers;  Effanbee for their 1912 Billy Boy composition doll head, Horsman who made a 1915 Boy doll also a composition head and is also similar to German doll maker; Käthe Kruse's 1912 Fiamingo head mold.

 

K & R Character Child Doll mold 115, 22"

1911+ K & R Character Child doll mold 115, 22"

 

1901+ Character Child Doll, Mein Liebling (German for: "My Darling"), 12-32" tall, bisque socket head, composition ball jointed body, glass eyes, feathered brows, painted upper and lower eyelashes, open mouth or closed mouth. 

Mein Liebling doll mold K * R, 117A has an open mouth (om).

Shown on right; closed mouth (cm) Mein Liebling, bisque doll head is marked doll mold K * R, 117.

Doll mold K * R 117N Mein Liebling doll - some have flirty eyes.

1901+ K & R Mein Liebling doll mold 117, 27"

1901+ K & R Mein Liebling doll mold 117, closed mouth, 27"

 

1909+ Character Doll, Kämmer & Reinhardt Baby doll, Bauz Baby or Kaiser Baby, 11-20" tall, bisque socket head, composition jointed bent limb baby body, molded painted hair, painted eyes, open/closed mouth.  The 100 doll mold, Kaiser Baby dolls also came with glass eyes and were distributed in the United States by both George Borgfeldt and Strobel & Wilken.           

Photos courtesy of littlemarz

K & R Baby doll mark 28 K * R 100

 

1909+ K & R Kaiser Baby doll mold 100, 11"

1909+ K & R Kaiser Baby doll mold 100, 11'

 

K & R Character Baby Boy doll mold 127, 11"

 

 

 

1914+ Character Doll, 11-24" tall, bisque socket or shoulder head, composition jointed body or kid, or bent limb baby body, molded and/or painted hair or wigged, painted or sleep eyes, open, closed or open/closed mouth.

 

K & R Character Baby Boy doll mold 127, 11"

1914+ K & R Character Baby Boy doll mold 127, 11" tall, bisque socket head, composition jointed bent limb baby body, painted molded hair, glass sleep eyes, feathered painted eyebrows, painted lashes, open mouth.

ca. 1900+ Child Doll, 5-28" tall, bisque head on a ball jointed composition and wood body, feathered painted brows, glass sleep eyes or painted eyes with painted lashes, open or closed mouth, wigged, some dolls may or may not have pierced ears. 

Doll mark 191, 191G,  192, 192G, 290,  401, 403, with or without K * R.  (Earliest dolls are only marked with a mold number). 

An early closed mouth Kämmer & Reinhardt doll marked only with mold 192 has been found with Baby Bette marked leather shoes.

 

K & R Child doll mold 403, 20"

1910+ K & R Child doll mold 403, 20" tall

ca. 1928-1932 Baby Puz doll, 19-30" tall, biscaloid head, lightly molded painted hair, flirty sleep eyes, open mouth with tongue, jointed composition baby bent limb body, doll marked Germany.

ca. 1928+ K & R Baby Puz doll, 19"

ca. 1928+ K & R Baby Puz doll, 19" tall

ca. 1928+ Rosi doll,  25", biscaloid head, glassene eyes, closed mouth, wigged, composition jointed body, doll mark Rosi Germany + her size number in centimeters.

Photo courtesy of Luminaire.iceplains.

ca. 1928 K & R Rosi Germany, doll 58 cm. or 27" tall

ca. 1928+ K & R Rosi, Germany,

58 cm. or 23" tall

 

 

Kammer  & Reinhardt Doll Mold Numbers Identified

 

100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 115A, 116, 116A, 117, 117A, 117X, 117n, 118, 118A, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 127n, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135, 142, 144, 170, 171, 172, 173, 175, 191, 192, 196, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 225, 226, 245, 246, 248, 252, 255, 256, 265, 290, 301, 321, 351, 355, 377, 401, 402, 403, 406, 442, 509, 510, 511, 526, 531, 550, 552, 601, 615, 626, 631, 651, 652, 665, 675, 700, 701, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 723, 726, 727, 728, 730, 737, 755, 773, 775, 776, 777, 778, 785, 787, 788, 800, 817, 826, 828, 831, 835, 873, 900, 901, 917, 921, 926, 952, 973, 975, 977, 1728, 8170, 8172, 8173, 8175

Note: some dolls have the K star R marking, but no mold number, if your doll has a number

marking on the lower neck rim between 50 - 99, it is a size in centimeters, rather than a mold number.

Some K & R doll mold 192 can be found on a stamped E. W. Matthes body

Kammer & Reinhardt doll mark Royal

 

Other Kammer & Reinhardt registered trademark doll trade names are; Aviator dolls, 1931 Bébé Camerose sold only in Paris, France, Charakter Puppe doll (character doll),  Der Schelm doll (The Rascal doll), Der Unart doll (Naughty One doll), Dis Kokette doll (the Coquette doll), Marie doll and Peter doll mold 101, Elsa doll and Walter doll mold 102, Carl doll mold 107,  Elise doll mold 109, Hans doll and Gretchen doll mold 114, Majestic doll, Mein Kleines doll (My Little Ones doll), My Darling doll, The Flirt doll of the Royal Line, Max doll mold 123, Moritz doll mold 124, Googly Eye doll mold 131, the Favorite doll mold 155 was distributed by FAO Schwartz in 1900-1927.

 

 

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