Gebrüder Knoch small bisque socket head doll,
glass eyes, single stroke eyebrows, upper and lower painted eye
lashes, open mouth with teeth, jointed composition body, doll marked 193.
Founded by the brothers (Gebrüder) Ernst and Christian Knoch in 1877, their
porcelain factory was located at Neustadt near Coburg, Germany.
Many early Knoch doll heads are unmarked, some Gebrüder Knoch doll markings are GKN (Gebr. Knoch Neustadt), a symbol of two crossed bones,
made in Germany, a mold number, DEP. Some heads are marked Ges. Nr.
Gesch. with a mold number, but no trademark symbol. Most all Knoch
dolls are under 12" tall.
Note the German words; gekreuzte knochen,
translates in English to crossed bones, which gives you a clue as to why
Knoch might choose this symbol for their doll mark.
In 1919 the Knoch company was acquired by
Max Oscar Arnold, at which time bisque
doll head production ceased.