1918+ Madame Hendren Life-Like Mama Doll, 24"
On June 11, 1918
Georgene Averill - Madame Hendren patented and created an improved baby doll.
Averill's doll has a composition
flange head, molded painted hair, painted eyes, closed mouth, cloth upper arms with partial composition lower arms and hands, a
cloth stuffed wide torso body and straight swinging cloth legs with stitched
heeled feet (exclusive to Averill's doll) to simulate walking, when led by the
What is a Mama
doll? Not long after production had begun on the Averill doll, a voice box was
added to the tummy that cried Ma-Ma when the doll was tilted, which is how these dolls got their name.
By 1921 Mama dolls were also patented in England. Of note; during
1923, 80% of all dolls requested in the United States, were Mama dolls and with
their popularity and preference, by 1926 costly production and high
import tariff's, the German bisque doll market dominance, ended.
In 1927 Mama dolls with slimmer bodies and partial composition lower legs were
introduced, about 1928 composition swivel shoulder heads with full
composition limbs came into use and the dolls could stand unaided. Around
1935 Mama dolls with stitched hips and composition lower legs with right
and left feet appeared.
By the mid-1940s Mama dolls popularity had declined.