Doll Reference - Home page

Dolls For Sale | Forum | Doll Glossary | Doll Marks | Doll Values

search engine by freefind advanced
 

Doll Categories

Mama Dolls 1918-1940s+

By Country

American | English

French | German

Rest of World

By Material 

Bisque | Celluloid

China | Cloth

Composition

Hard Plastic

Metal | Papier Mache

Rubber | Wax | Wood

By Type

Advertising Dolls

Antique Lady Dolls

Automata Dolls

Barbie Dolls

Black Dolls

Boudoir Dolls

Carnival Dolls

Dress Me Dolls

Googly Eye Dolls

Kewpie Dolls

Mama Dolls >

Mask Face Dolls

Oriental Dolls

Patsy Type Dolls

Porcelain Collector

1918 Madame Hendren Life-Like Mama Doll, 24", 1st Ma-Ma doll

1918+ Madame Hendren Life-Like Mama Doll, 24" tall, the first acknowledged Ma-Ma doll

On June 11, 1918 Georgene Averill - Madame Hendren, patented and created an improved baby doll.  Averill's doll has a composition flange head, molded painted hair, painted eyes, closed mouth, cloth upper arms with partial composition lower arms and hands, a wide cloth stuffed torso body and straight, swinging cloth legs with stitched heeled feet (exclusive to Averill's doll) to simulate walking, when led by the hand.

 

What is a Mama doll? Not long after production had begun on the Averill doll, a voice box was added to the tummy that cried Ma-Ma when the doll is tilted, which is how these dolls got their name.  By 1921 Mama dolls were also patented in England. 

 

During 1923, 80% of all dolls preferred by a child in the United States, were Mama dolls.  By 1926 costly production of dolls and high import tariff's, the German bisque doll market dominance had ended.

 

Here is a guide to help date your Mama doll according to it's body style.  In 1927 Mama dolls had slimmer bodies and partial composition lower legs were introduced, about 1928 composition swivel shoulder heads with full composition limbs thus the dolls could stand unaided. 

 

Around 1935 Mama dolls appeared with distinct right and left feet, rather than both feet exactly the same.

By the mid-1940s composition Mama dolls popularity had declined, doll makers began to replace that material with plastic, invented during World War II.  

Many, too many Mama dolls are look a like's and unmarked making it nearly impossible to identify a Mama doll with certainty.  Doesn't mean you shouldn't ask for help, to do so though.

 

 

Alphabetical list of known of Mama doll makers or distributors

 

(1920s+ most USA makers of composition doll products made Mama dolls)

 

ABC Toy Company

Acme Toy Company

Alexander Doll Company

Louis Amberg

American Character Doll

Arcy Toy Mfg. Company

Arranbee (R & B)

Atlantic Toy & Mfg. Co

Atlas Doll & Toy Co

Averill - Hendren Doll Co

 

Baby Phyllis Doll Co

Albert Bruckner & Sons

Bing Brothers

Butler Brothers

 

Century Doll Company

Chessler Doll Company

L. Cohen & Sons Co

 

Davis & Voetsch

Domec Company

 

Eegee (Goldberger)

Effanbee (F & B)

European Doll Mfg. Co

 

Gem Toy Company

Arthur Gerling Toy Co

Goodyear Toy Company

 

L. Herman doll maker

Bernhard Hermann dolls

Hitz, Jacobs & Kassler

Hoest & Henderson

Horsman Doll Co

 

Ideal Doll & Toy Co

 

Jeannette Doll Co (Freundich)

 

K & K Toy Company

Kämmer & Reinhardt

Katagini Brothers

JD Kestner

J. H. Kletzin Company

 

Loeffler & Diller

Louisville Doll & Novelty Co

 

Metropolitan Doll Co

M & S Shillman Doll Co

Modern Doll Company

Montgomery Wards

Mutual Novelty Company

 

National Doll Company

Natural Doll Company

Nibur Novelty Company

 

Original Doll Company

 

Paramount Doll Co

Penn Stuffed Toy Co

Perfect Toy Mfg. Co

Pollyanna Doll Co

M. Pressner & Corp.

Primrose Doll Company

 

R. B & L. Mfg Co

Regal Doll Mfg Co

Reisman, Barron Co

Reliable Mfg (Canada)

Royal Doll Manufacturing Company

Russell (England)

 

S & S Doll Company

Schoen & Yondorf (SAYCO)

Albert Schoenhut Doll Co

Sears

Self Sell Doll Company

Seymour (England)

Shaw Doll Company

Star Doll & Toy Co

F.A.O. Swartz

 

Uneeda Doll Company

 

Well Made Doll Co

Louis Wolf & Company

Woodtex Company

 

- Makers of bisque head German Mama dolls; Century Doll Company,

K & K Toy Company, Kämmer & Reinhardt, JD Kestner,

   Leo Grubman, B. E. Lloyd and Louis V. Aronson Voices, Inc. made

voice box's for Mama dolls and likely others.

 

 

For Sale | Forum | Glossary | Marks | Values

All trademarks are respective of their owners with no affiliation to this site

Doll Reference © Copyright 2004 - 2022 all rights reserved including photos & content